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Dorfer Santiago de Compostela
Unterkuenfte: hostel, hotels
In early ninth century the body of the Apostle Santiago was discovered in the area that is now currently occupied by the Cathedral.
The original temple was destroyed in the battle of Almanzor. In 1075, during the bishopric of Bishop Diego Pelaez, construction began on what is now the current cathedral, ending in 1128 under Bishop Gelmírez and Don Raymond of Burgundy. According to the Codex Calixtinus, the top architects of the era such as, 'Old' Bernardo and Roberto in the first stage, the Maestro Esteban, the Maestro Matthew, sculptor and author of the Portico de la Gloria, and “Young" Bernardo, in the second stage were all recruited to lend their talents in the construction of the Cathedral.
Each of its facades are formed together with their own magnificent urban plazas. Among them, the Plaza del Obradoiro was done by Casas Novoa in 1740 (eighteenth century), the Azabachería, baroque in style, was constructed by Ferro Caaveiro Fernandez and Sarel, and modified by Ventura Rodriguez; the Platerías, built by Master of Platerías in 1103 (XII century), and above all, the Portico de la Gloria, work summit of the Romanesque sculpture completed by the Maestro Mateo in 1188 (XII century).
Among its chapels, the largest of them stores the tomb of the Apostle Santiago. Next door to the chapel lies the famous "Botafumeiro," a great nineteenth-century censer.
The Cathedral´s museum holds many valuable objects, such as: the Romanesque choir teacher Matthew, a valuable collection of tapestries and the crypt and cloister of the temple.