Alcazaba of Badajoz
The fortified area of the Alcazaba of Badajoz is located in the Cerro de la Muela, surrounded by the Guadiana River on one side and by the Arroyo Rivillas on the other.
The Alcazaba was built in 875 by Abd-al Ramman Ibn Marwan, thus founding the city of Badajoz. But most of the current Alcazaba dates back to the reform carried out by the Almohad in the twelth century. With an area of 80,000 m2, the Alcazaba of Badajoz is the largest fortress in Spain and was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument Site in 1931.
The walls of the Alcazaba is embattled, with a barbican and coastal path that connects all the towers of the enclosure. Most Towers of the Alcazaba of Badajoz are flanking, which means they are somewhat separated from the wall and connected to it only through a small arch or bridge. This allowed for the bridge to be easily destroyed if the towers were taken by the enemy. Among the many towers available to the Alcazaba Tower stand the Abarlongada, the Maidens Tower, the Tower of Seven Windows, the Tower of the Gallows or the Tower of Espantaperros.
Alcazaba of Badajoz had several mosques, public baths, markets and a Royal Palace and was the home of the monarchs of the Kingdom Badajoz during the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
The Major Mosque of the fortress was transformed into a church after the Reconquest, becoming the Church of Santa Maria de Calatrava, ancient cathedral of Badajoz and which today only remains debris. The Royal Palace was situated close to the Major Mosque, but there a Military Hospital was built, and today was converted into the School of Librarianship at the University of Extremadura.
In the Alcazaba of Badajoz is also the Provincial Archaeological Museum of Badajoz located in the Palace of the Dukes of Feria.