Badajoz is set on a hill, which historically has been granted a privileged status. At its foot flows the Guadiana, one of the most important rivers in Spain.
The privileged location of Badajoz encouraged the settlement of the human communities since prehistoric, and in Roman times several Roman villages appeared in its surrounding areas. But Badajoz was not considered a city until its founding in 875. The Muladi (convert) leader of Hispanic origin, Abd-al-Ramman Ibn Marwan, repeatedly rebelled against Muhammad I, emir of the Caliphate of Córdoba. After several years of conflict, an agreement was finally signed in which Ibn Marwan was allowed to settle in the Cerro de la Muela and found the city Baralyaws or Batalyos where he could govern independently.
Ibn Marwan then ordered the Alcazaba to be built, although it has reached our days, it is essentially a reform that took place in the twelfth century and became the largest fortress in Spain. One of the towers of the Alcazaba, the Tower of Espantaperros, has become a symbol of Badajoz.
Another symbol of the city is the Gate of Palmas, built in 1460 and was the main gateway to the city walls.
Today Badajoz also has interesting cultural centers such as the Extremeño and Iberoamerican Museum of Contemporary Art, the Provincial Fine Arts Museum and the Archaeological Museum.