Although there is evidence of human settlements in Castle Hill dating from the Neolithic and early Iron Age, Burgos itself was founded in 884 by Count Spaniard Diego Rodriguez, known by the nickname of ‘Porcelos’.
Around 930 Burgos became the capital of Castilla y County capital of the Kingdom of Castile between 1038 and 1085, when the capital was transferred to Toledo.
Burgos also was the city where the Laws of Burgos were issued, the first laws that applied at the Spanish Monarchy for America to organize their conquest.
Burgos is also closely linked to the figure of Rodrigo Diaz Vivar, better known as El Cid or El Cid. He was born in Vivar, a village 10 km. from Burgos and was a gentleman who managed to conquer Valencia and established it as an independent dominion in the late XI century. Cid remains were found in a tomb in the Cathedral of Santa Maria de Burgos along with his wife Dona
Burgos has a remarkable historical and artistic heritage, championed by the Cathedral of Santa Maria, exponent Gothic architecture and declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. But they also include theMonastery of Santa María la Real Huelgas and the Cartuja de Miraflores.
Burgos is 15km from the archaeological site Atapuerca, one of the most important archaeological sites in Europe, where they have found remains belonging to the Pleistocene Bottom, with a length of over a million years. It was named a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 2000.