Ciudad Rodrigo is 86 km from Salamanca, 25 km from the border with Portugal and has a population of around 15,000 inhabitants.
The few artifacts that remain from the Roman period are limited to three columns that correspond to a temple. These columns were adopted as the heraldic emblem of the city since the Middle Ages.
During the XV and XVI Ciudad Rodrigo experienced a boom period and became a city of residence for some noblemen. In this time period most of the monuments, palaces, temples and mansions were built that remain today.
Ciudad Rodrigo once had a large Jewish community and later became converts (Jews who converted to Catholicism). Many of the Jews that were exiled into Portugal went by way of Ciudad Rodrigo, although some returned to be baptised. But it was mainly the mid-sixteenth century, when an important Jewish-Convert community began to settle in the city. Thereafter, the tribunal of the Inquisition began to act against the Jewish community.