Great Siege Tunnels of Gibraltar
Great Siege Tunnels is a system of underground passages used during the Great Siege of 1779 to 1783 carved meticulously by sheer human force having no aid of sophisticated machinery. It was the period in Gibraltar’s history that the Spanish and French forces attempted to take possession of the Rock from the British.
The tunnels were the provided solution to quietly transporting the cannons to a more strategic location, which is in the northern face of the Rock. Sergeant Major Ince suggested the tunneling system to then Governor of Gibraltar who wanted to thwart the fast-approaching forces in their conquest. With only gunpowder blasting through the caverns then accompanied by sledgehammer and metal bars, the British troops carved their way into 80 feet of dirt and rock. Hence, the Great Siege Tunnels came to existence.
The original length of the tunnels is 82 feet but during the Second World War, the Great Siege Tunnels were explored further. The winding network of pathways is said to reach more than thirty miles in distance.
Today, the tunnels have become a monumental attraction on the tourism front. Those who walked its entirety are rewarded with great historical insights as most of the crevices feature life-sized soldiers and pieces of artillery. The whole stretch of the tunnels can take one to the other end of Gibraltar.
The entrance to the Upper Rock Nature Reserve includes the visite to the Great Siege Tunnels.