Granada is known worldwide for the Alhambra, one of the most beautiful monuments and most visited in Spain. This Nazari fortified palace and its gardens (called Generalife), were declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984.But Granada has an artistic heritage that goes beyond the Alhambra. The neighborhood of Albaicin, theCathedral of Granada (the largest Renaissance cathedral in the world), the Royal Chapel (where finds the tomb of the Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella), the Sacromonte, the Cartuja Monastery or the Corral del Carbon are good examples.
Granada‘s history has always been closely linked to Arabic culture. After the Muslim invasion, Granadawas one of the most major urban centers of Al-Andalus, and in the fifteenth century was to be the most populous city in Europe.
The end of the Nazari kingdom occurred in January 1492, when Boabdil the then king of Granada, surrendered to troops of the Catholic Kings. The famous story tells of how Boabdil wept has he walked away from the city he considered to be an earthly paradise. That was when his mother told him the famous words: “Weep like woman for what you could not defend like a man “.But the richness of its architecture created admiration in travelers visiting Granada, which made the kings, especially Juana the Mad and Charles V, to invest large sums of money to restore the Alhambra and other buildings. This greatly helped this legacy to persist over the centuries.
Moreover it was also decided to develop a new planning policy as an affirmation of the new power, culminating with the Construction of the Cathedral, Royal Chapel and the Palace of Charles V among others. But the distinctive Muslim nature of the city generated controversy, especially among the Castilian authorities, who decided to demolish the main mosques, some of which were converted into churches.
However, Granada today retains much of its Muslim heritage, as seen in the famous Teahouses Street or walking down the Alcaicería.The best definition of Granada was by the poet Francisco Alarcon de Icaza in his verse: “Give him alms woman, because in life there is nothing like the pain of being blind in Granada “.