Puerta del Sol of Madrid
The nerve center of Madrid is the Puerta del Sol (Sun Gate, in english), the starting point of the numbering of all roads in the country.
La Puerta del Sol was originally one of the gates in the wall surrounding Madrid in the fifteenth century. This is reflected in its proximity to the medieval suburbs that had been growing outside, around the Christian walls of the twelfth century. The name comes from the image of the sun that adorns the entrance.
The history of the Puerta del Sol is littered with notable events, including the assassination of the president of the Council of Ministers, Jose Canalejas, in 1912 and the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931.
Other highlights are the Oso y el Madroño statue, buiilt at the start of Calle del Carmen in 1967.