Retiro Park of Madrid
Los Jardines del Buen Retiro (Gardens of good Retired, in english) popularly known as El Retiro, is a park of 118 hectares situated in the heart of Madrid. Its main entrance is located on Independence Square, near the Puerta de Alcala.
The gardens originated between the years 1630 and 1640, as a gift to King Philip IV for the recreation of the Court. The construction of the buildings of the Palacio del Buen Retiro and its gardens, began as a second royal residence.
King Charles III was the first monarch to allow citizens access to the premises, provided they comply with the condition of being well dressed and neat.
During the French invasion in 1808, the gardens were partially destroyed to be used as cover by Napoleon's troops. The palace was completely destroyed.
Some highlights within the park are: the statues, the rose garden, the fountain of the fallen angel, a pond and glass palace, among other attractions.