University of Salamanca
The University of Salamanca is the oldest university in Spain and one of the oldest in Europe along with Bologna, the Sorbonne in Paris, Oxford and Cambridge, among others. It was the first in Europe to take the title of University.
Its origins were the Schools of the Cathedral whose existence can be traced back as early as 1130. The first official document is of King Alfonso IX of Leon, who granted the rank of General Studies at these and its public openness (open to all). In those years there were eleven departments specializing in: Canon Law, Civil, medicine, logic, grammar and music.
Under the reign of Alfonso X it was transformed into General Studies University, the first university in Europe that takes this name and which had a public library.
The cloister of the University discussed the feasibility of the project of Christopher Columbus and the consequences that brought his claims. Once America was discovered, the rights of the indigenous population was discussed, something revolutionary for the times; economic processes were studied for the first time, the science of law was investigated and the university was a humanist hotbed , a period which had some of its brightest members and was known as the School of Salamanca.
The members of the renewed theology school, laid the foundations of modern law of nations, international law and the science of modern economics and participated actively in the Council of Trent. Mathematicians of this school studied the reform of the calendar, at the direction of Pope Gregory XIII, and proposed a solution that was introduced later. By 1580, 6500 new students arrived in Salamanca each year.
It also had at that time probably the first female students of the university world: Beatriz Galindo and Lucia de Medrano, who went on to become the first female to teach at the University.
Among the diverse symbolism of the facade (objects, chimeric animals and plants), highlights the frog. The frog has become a symbol of the city of Salamanca. Many legends have been created around her, since lust represented in medieval iconography, so that every student who wants to pass their exams has to find her and so do the tourists who want to return to the city.
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All times and ticket prices are approximate. To confirm times and fares see the official sites.